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11. Choose your site, draw a complete plan, then make a layout of the facility on the ground. The layout line should serve as a reference point. Radius points for the curved lane, crowd pen, and single file chute are on the layout line. This on-site layout should show to scale the location of pens, alleys, loading chutes, and the location of the squeeze chute, and allow you to walk through the layout and make sure the design is correct before construction begins.
22. Locate the center point for the 12-foot (3.6m) crowd pen and drive a stake. Tie a 12-foot (3.6m) string to the stake and walk slowly around the half-circle. Follow the end of the string with a chalk line as it sweeps around. Complete the same steps for the 16-foot (4.8m) single file chute. These two dimensions should never be changed.
33. All the posts in the curved cattle handling system are spaced on spaced 4-foot (1.2m) on center apart. The posts that form the single-file chute are spaced 4-feet (1.2m) apart on the outside radius of the single-file chute. The layout of these posts can be marked with large nails and plastic flagging, and by using the strings as a guide resembles spokes on a bicycle wheel.
44. Hands-on layout. Tie a 16-foot (4.8m) string to the stake located on the layout line and use it as a compass to lay out a 180-degree circle to form the inside radius of the curved single-file chute. Measure and mark the string again at 18-feet 10-inches (5.4m 25cm). This mark is for the outside radius of the chute.
55. Check the layout for accuracy. Walk through the chalk-drawn facility with the drafted design in your hand to make sure your design on the ground matches the drawing on paper. Carefully check the critical junction between the single-file chute and the crowd pen. It must look exactly like the drawings on this page.
66. Walk through the layout and imagine what the animals will see. Are they facing the sun? Are there distractions such as traffic? Is their movement up or downhill? Do you work cattle in the morning or afternoon? Take into account the movement of the sun. Changing the layout on paper is easier than changing the facility after construction.
2. CORRAL SYSTEM FOR A COW-CALF OPERATION
This design features a single squeeze chute system and a curved, single-file calf chute. The wide curved lane in this system serves two functions. It directs animals to the squeeze chute and loading ramp, or it can be used as a reservoir for sorting cattle back into the diagonal pens. To do this, the curved lane is filled half-full of animals and a person either on foot or on horseback sorts them back toward the diagonal pens. The system also has a two way sort in front of the squeeze chute. All the fencing in the crowd pen, and the single-file chute are solid. All gates in crowding pen are solid.
3. CLASSIC FEEDLOT CORRAL SYSTEM
This medium-sized feedlot corral is very popular and can be used in both large and small feedlots. It has a three-way sorting option in front of the squeeze chute, the curved lane has a smaller radius, and the entire facility doesn’t take up quite as much space as our larger feedlot layouts. Layout plan consists of three half-circles along the layout line: 16-foot (5m) radius V-chute; 12-foot (3.6m) radius crowd pen, and 16-foot (5m) radius wide curved lane.
6. BACK STOP GATE IN V-CHUTE
This design shows a cross section of the V-chute with a one-way gate. The V-chute’s inside width at the top must be a minimum of 32-inches (81cm) wide and 16-inches (41cm) or more at the bottom. These measurements are critical. For cows that weigh more than 1,000 lbs (455kg), widen the bottom of the chute to 18-inches (46cm). If a 6-foot (1.8m) V-chute fence is needed for wild cattle, maintain a width of 32-inches (81cm) at the 5-foot (1.5m) height. If cows weigh more than 1,500 lbs (682kg), widen to 36-inches (91cm) at the 5-foot (1.5m) height.
4. COMPACT CURVED CATTLE SYSTEM WITH A FIVE-WAY SORT
This small curved handling system has a five-way sort in front of the squeeze chute. The drawing shows three different options for the orientation of the truck loading ramp. A 20-foot to 40-foot (6 to 12m) straight section is for electronics, scales, ultrasound stations, or other livestock processing equipment.
7. V-SHAPED SINGLE FILE CHUTE WITH RAISED CONCRETE PLATFORM, WASHOUT GUTTER AND CURB
Use 5-feet (1.5m) X 10-feet (3m) 10-gauge steel sheets for solid sides. The outside radius posts are 2-inches (609cm) higher than the inside radius to allow for a 2-inch (609) washout gap at the bottom of the chute. Overlap the steel sheets in the direction of cattle movement. For deep-groove concrete in V-chute, use 8-inch (203) diamond pattern grooves 1 ½-(38cm) wide, 1 ½ (38cm) deep. Broom finish concrete on raised platform and curb and gutter.